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Lewis Hutchinson: The Mad Master

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Captivated by Jamaica - Sir Hans Sloane's Passion for Jamaica
Captivated by Jamaica Pt II - Noel Coward, Errol Flynn and Ian Fleming
The Founding Of The BITU & The JLP
The Founding Of the People's National Party
Lewis Hutchinson: The Mad Master
A Pioneer, A Survivor: Dr. Cicely Williams

Henry Morgan: The Pirate King

Claude McKay: Jamaica's First Poet Laureate
Frazier versus Foreman on the Sunshine Island 1973
The Magical Spiderman: Anancy
The Case Of The Shark Papers
Katherine Dunham - Matriarch of Modern Dance
Money - The Roots of Jamaican Currency
Simon Bolivar: El Liberatador
Old Time Tellin's: A Closer Look At Jamaican Proverbs
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Place Names - A Window to Jamaica's History & Character: Wnat's In A Name?
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A Cultural Explication Of Empire: Lady Nugent's Journal
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Colourful Characters - Jamaican Birds
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The People Who Came - The English
Old-time Jamaican weddings
In this place dwelt Horatio Nelson
Printing in Jamaica
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Gibraltar Camp: A Refuge From War
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Somewhere beyond the sea
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Not too long after Hutchison's arrival, travellers began disappearing without a trace... no one could ever have suspected the level of torture they experienced...

By Dr. Rebecca Tortello
A portrait of Admiral Rodney, the man who captured Lewis Hutchison, the Mad Master.

LOCATED IN the Pedro district of St. Ann, on a low hill near to where the main road from St. Ann's Bay to Jamaica's south side used to run, lie the ruins of Edinburgh Castle, so named by a Scottish architect. Built in the 1700s it stood small and square with two-storeys and two circular loop-holed towers at opposing diagonal corners. The road no longer runs close to the building, once loftily titled a castle. To those passers-by of today it may seem like nothing more than an old ruin, yet those old stones bear the burden of one of the most evil pieces of Jamaica's history ­ the story of Lewis Hutchison, said to be the most feared and hated man of his day.

Hutchison, known better as the Mad Master of Edinburgh Castle, was born in Scotland in 1733 where he is believed to have studied medicine for a while. He came to Jamaica in the 1760s to run an estate on which a house known as Edinburgh Castle sat. Although he is said to have acquired the land legally, his collection of cattle was said to consist mostly of strays from neighbouring pens. Cattle stealing, however, was the least of red-haired Hutchison's sins.

Not too long after Hutchison's arrival, cases of travellers disappearing without a trace began to mount in number and suspicions ran rampant but no one could ever have suspected the level of torture they experienced. Travellers would occasionally stop to rest at Edinburgh Castle, the only inhabited spot for miles on the way from St. Ann's Bay south not knowing that they would become the target of Hutchison's unerring aim. Hutchison killed for sport, not money, as travellers of all shapes, sizes and income levels were equal game. It is said that he fed off the flow of blood and often dismembered his victims and left them in the hollow trunk of a cotton tree, a sinkhole, for the vultures to carry on where he left off. The hole became known as "Hutchison's Hole".

Hutchison's slaves added their own tales of mistreatment and his reputation for evil-doing became legend. In fact, his reputation for villainy was such that no one wanted to go near him if they could avoid it. Therefore, great hesitation and fear took root amongst those officials who could serve him with a warrant. Time continued to pass and still Hutchison remained free. Not even his brutal and unwarranted attack on his unarmed neighbour Dr. Hutton, which caused the good doctor, who was en route to join his family on a trip to England, to wear a silver plate in his head for the remainder of his life, changed things. Eventually, however, a young English soldier, John Callendar, bravely set out to bring Hutchison in. Hutchison calmly shot him on sight but aware that more soldiers would follow their comrade, he is then said to have fled south to Old Harbour where he set off by sea. Unbeknownst to Hutchison, the Royal Navy, commanded by the venerable Admiral Rodney (whose statue now stands in Spanish Town Square) was keeping watch and Hutchison's craft was intercepted. Hutchison, increasingly desperate, tried to leap overboard but his red hair made him easy to see and he wasn't able to get very far. Admiral Rodney was congratulated by Jamaica's House of Assembly for his assistance in apprehending Hutchison and placing him securely behind bars.

Legal proceedings against the Mad Master of Edinburgh Castle commenced and soon tales of devilry and debauchery that almost defy the imagination began to surface. Edinburgh Castle was searched and clothing said to have belonged to his victims, those travellers who had disappeared, were found. Hutchison's slaves eagerly relinquished their long-held silence, detailing crime after crime ­ but all were heresay judged unfit to stand up in a court of law. So Hutchison, who was believed to have committed multiple murders, was tried for one murder and one murder only, that of English soldier John Callendar. During the trial, however, the stories of his slaves were substantiated and it was further revealed that Hutchison had not carried out his evil acts alone ­ the existence of a neighbouring group of perverted minds was also revealed. A few members, planter James Walker and Roger Maddix, were tried, found guilty and condemned to death for their own parts in the murder of farmer William Lickley and schoolmaster Timothy Cronin. It is said that along with Roger Maddix and Lewis Hutchison, Maddix's wife, Dorcas, a Miss Susanna Cole and a Miss Elizabeth Thomas watched schoolmaster Cronin's death by strangulation while pinioned in stocks. Cronin's watch and seal were later found in Elizabeth Thomas' posse ssion. Miss Thomas was tried, pled not guilty and received judgment as such.

The eerie remains of Edinburgh Castle. Even today, locals stay away from the castle, as it is said that the ghosts of those tortured still roam, specially at night.

Lewis Hutchison was not so lucky however. Although he insolently entered a plea of not guilty and was defended by one of the island's most esteemed lawyers, he was tried, found guilty and condemned to death by hanging in Spanish Town Square. The records of his trial stand in the National Archives.

Defiant even in death, Hutchison left funds to inscribe his two-line epitaph on his marble tombstone: "Their sentence, pride and malice, I defy. Despise their power, and like a Roman, die". His wishes, as befitting the mark of such a man, were ignored.

Today the ruins of Edinburgh Castle still stand, silently, betraying no hint of the acts of evil that took place centuries ago. The actions of the Mad Master of Edinburgh Castle, like those of another macabre character, Anne Palmer, the White Witch of Rose Hall, live on in the annals of Jamaican history.

Photos courtesy of the National Library of Jamaica Sources: Black, C. V. (1966). Tales of Old Jamaica. Essex: Longman Caribbean Ltd., Black, C.V. (1983). The History of Jamaica. Essex: Longman Caribbean Ltd.

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A Jamaica Gleaner Feature originally posted November 6, 2002
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